بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Allah SWT has sent us more than 6000 verses of Divine Wisdom, Reasoning and Guidance through our Prophet Muhammad ﷺ in a compilation known as the Qur’an. Out of these verses rest a selective 30 verses collectively known as Surah al Mulk, or the Chapter of Sovereignty. This Makkan surah is the 67th surah in the Qur’an, located in the 29th Juz. Although all surahs have their individual blessings for Muslims, Surah al-Mulk remains prominent as one of the most popular surahs for its protective qualities. For this reason, the surah is commonly referred to as al-Mani’ah, or “that which protects.” There are many hadiths explaining why Surah al-Mulk is important for all Muslims, and its protective benefits for those who recite and memorize it. We will examine some of these hadiths below.

Reciting Surah al-Mulk Before Sleeping

Because the Qur’an is Allah SWT’s guidance for humankind, there is a great emphasis on reading and understanding it. By increasing our knowledge from reading the Qur’an, we also become closer to our Creator. It is also commonly known that the Qur’an holds immense blessings for those who recite it, as narrated in the following hadith from Abdullah ibn Mas’ud, who related that Allah’s Messenger, peace and blessings be upon him, said, 

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“Whoever recites a letter from the Book of Allah, he will receive one good deed as ten good deeds like it. I do not say that Alif Lam Mim is one letter, but rather Alif is a letter, Lam is a letter, and Mim is a letter.” 

Imagine that! There are more than 300,000 letters in the Qur’an. If read from cover to cover, the amount of rewards we would receive would be countless. However, reading Surah al-Mulk gives readers much more than ten good deeds for every letter. It is known that Surah al-Mulk protects its readers from the torments of the grave, especially when read before going to sleep. Abdullaah ibn Mas’ud reported,

“Whoever reads: Tabaarak allaadhi bi yadihi’l-mulk [i.e., Surah al-Mulk] every night, Allah will protect him from the torment of the grave. At the time of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) we used to call it al-maani’ah (that which protects). In the Book of Allah it is a surah which, whoever recites it every night has done very well.” 

And not only does it protect the reader from the punishment of the grave, but it is also a Sunnah to read Surah al-Mulk, along with Surah Sajdah, every night before going to bed. Jabir reported, 

“The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) would not sleep until he recited surah: Alif Laam Meem Tanzeel (Surah Sajdah) and Surah Tabarak (Surah Al Mulk).” 

Memorizing Surah al-Mulk

Not only is it important to recite from the Qur’an, but it is also important to memorize surahs from it. Memorization is not only useful when reciting surahs during the Salah, but it helps us maintain a connection between us and Allah’s Word. 

As pertaining to Surah al-Mulk, there is also a reward for one who successfully memorizes this surah by heart. Anas ibn Malik reported that the beloved Holy Prophet (peace be upon him, his family and companions) said, 

“A person passed away and he did not know anything from the Qur’an except Surah Tabaarak (i.e., Al-Mulk). When the Angel of punishment entered his grave, this surah appeared, so the angel of punishment said, ‘Now that you are here, I am returning, but neither am I the causer of any harm to you, or upon myself or upon this person. If you wish for salvation for him, then go into the court of Allah Almighty and intercede for him.’ Thereafter, the Surah (Al-Mulk) will present itself in the court of Allah Almighty and say ‘O my Lord! This person chose me alone from your Book, so he memorized me and recited me, so do you will to condemn him to hell? If this is what you intend to do to him, then erase me from your book!’ Allah Almighty will then say, ‘You have probably become displeased.’ The Qur’an (i.e., the Surah Al-Mulk) will say, ‘I have the right to be displeased.’ Allah Almighty will say, ‘I have accepted your intercession on his behalf.’ It (the Surah) returns to the grave and gives this information to the Angel (of punishment) and the Angel thus leaves without punishing the deceased. The Surah approaches the deceased and places its mouth over the mouth of the deceased and says, ‘O mouth! Glad tidings to you, for you recited me abundantly and glad tidings to the chest, for it remembered me. Glad tidings to these feet for they stood whilst reciting me,’ and it (Surah Al-Mulk) remains in his grave, attached to him.” After the beloved Holy Prophet (peace be upon him, his family and companions) mentioned this, every person, young and old, freemen and indentured, all of them memorized it and the beloved Holy Prophet ﷺ called this Surah by the name Munjiyah (the one which gives salvation).”

Along with preventing the Angel of Punishment from bringing us torment in the grave from all sides of our body, Surah al-Mulk will directly intercede with Allah SWT for our admission into Paradise and to keep us away from the fire of Hell. Even if it was the only surah we memorized out of the entire Qur’an, we would still have an intercession! How wonderful would it be to have a spot in Paradise simply for the memorization of this surah, even if it was the only surah we memorized!

Because of the immense power this surah holds, we are even encouraged to teach the surah to others so that they may gain the beautiful reward of Surah al-Mulk as well. Abdullah ibn Abbas said, 

“Personally, recite Surah Al Mulk and teach it to your wife, children, and to all the other children who live in your home, and even to your neighbors, because it is that which grants salvation, and it will firmly demand (for your) salvation from Allah.”

Conclusion

Surah al-Mulk is a short but powerful surah that will protect us from the torments of the grave and intercede with Allah SWT directly for our admission into Paradise. As Muslims, we should all make an effort to memorize this surah, include its recitation into our daily routines, and teach it to our family and friends. In doing so, we become a step closer to becoming better Muslims while performing a Sunnah of our beloved Prophet, Muhammad ﷺ. In sha Allah, this surah, along with our other good deeds, will allow us to acquire the promise of Paradise by Allah SWT’s mercy.

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