How To Fear | Part 2

IN THE FIRST part of this two-part article, we intimated that the modern English word “fear” lacks the sense of awe and respect when applied to Allah—thus missing the point of the Quran’s key term taqwa. When the Muslim is exhorted, Itaqi Allah!…

How To Fear | Part I

FEAR IS A common emotion, and “scared” is a word we often hear. It is an older sense of the English word “fear” that is key to our success in responding to Allah’s Guidance, and thus in attaining His blessings. Allah repeatedly…

Learned Helplessness

IN 1965, MARTIN E.P. Seligman, while studying the relationship between fear and learning, accidentally discovered an unexpected phenomenon while doing experiments on dogs using Pavlovian (classical conditioning) technique. Seligman used a harmless electric shock to condition and restrain the dog so it…

God Knows History

AS I WAS reading the history of the Dravidian religion of India that prevailed before the coming of the Aryans from the north, I was struck with horror by the “religious” beliefs and practices. There existed sects who worshiped the male sexual…